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Precipitation in the Khibiny

The Khibiny mountains condense water very well. Due to this the largest precipitation amount in Murmansk region is observed in comparison to other regions. If compared to flatland area of Murmansk region, in mountains precipitation level is as twice as high. Evaporations from ground are relatively low that result in high level of humidity and the weather is primary cloudy. Warm air is rising up and on mountain slopes it gradually cools down. This also influences on water saturation of the air. Exceeding precipitation over evaporation can be observed in the Kola peninsula all the year round. In winter the difference is more evident rather than in warm summer season. Increased humidity contributes to bogginess of the relief and full-flowing of lakes.

Precipitation in the Khibiny

Annual average humidity level in the region exceeds 70%, in particular, on the seacoast of the White sea. In different areas it varies from 75% to 80%. In winter the humidity is increasing up to 90%. Summer anticyclone dries the air up to 60% by changing the wind direction to north-west and west therefore there is low precipitation. Usually, there is a snow of 94% precipitation during cold time of the year. It is difficult to estimate snow cover level as snowstorms prevent its equal distribution. Snow amount in mountains is almost twice higher rather than in flatlands of the peninsula: 900-1300 mm against 500-700. For example, in the area of Rasvumchorr mount, there is more than 1000 mm of precipitation, in mountain valleys is a little bit less, in Apatity and Kirovsk is 450 mm per year in total. About 200 days the sky rains the area wet cold kisses.

All over Russia there is no other cloudy region than Kola North. Yearly average cloud amount is about 80 percent. The sun is rare on the sky, usually hidden behind the clouds. Summer sky is cloudy by 68 percent, in autumn clouds are of 84 percent of time. In winter it is almost all the time snowing. In spring it is clear weather to make glad the inhabitants of the Kola North. In summer the sky is clear during about 15 days of 2 months. During the whole year the sun shines about 1300-1400 hours in the central part of the peninsula and 1000-1100 at the seacoast. During winter and summer time the clouds go down till the middle of mountains, sometimes it reaches depressions. Thunderstorms in the Khibiny is not an exception, although they are rare behind the Polar circle, at present each summer there is a thunderstorm, it can make frightened even a grownup. Often there is lightning during Polar day. Number of stormy days is 7 days per year.

One more peculiarity of climatic conditions in the Khibiny is frequent fogs. London is vainly considered the Foggy Albion. This name is more characteristic of the Kola peninsula as evaporations here are observed the whole year round. Anticyclones from the Atlantic ocean bring summer evenings to the coastal area of the Barents and White seas. The rest of the territory suffers more misty days in winter and less in summer. In flatlands it is about 40 foggy days per year, in mountains its number increases to 252. Fog together with frost at temperature close to 0 forms hoarfrost in mountains and ice in flatland. In mountains hoarfrost can reach 400 mm thick. Sometimes ice crust and hoarfrost are mixed into one and a half thickness layer. Accumulation of such an ice mass results in broken power and telephone wires, therefore, leaving the population of the Kola peninsula almost without any connection to external communications. Ice-up can do harm to tress breaking the branches.

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