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Geology of Khibiny

Geology and mineralogy of the Khibiny

Mineral Astrophyllite The Khibiny are the mountains in the Kola peninsula. They represent an impressive-looking massif as a plateau with steep slopes. Geographic location of the mountains is very picturesque: The Khibiny are laid between lakes Imandra and Umbozero. People have ...
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Crustal structure of the Kola Peninsula

Crustal structure of the Kola Peninsula Not so long ago geologists knew about crustal structure only based on their own experience of its surface study and upper layers available during borehole drilling. Implicit ideas of what was located at a great depth were obtained using special equipment to learn ...
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Geological processes in the Khibiny

Geological processes in the Khibiny Beginning of the Quaternary period of about 1 million years ago was accompanied by repeated advance of glacier from Scandinavia through the Kola peninsula to Russian plain. Huge masses of continental ice during movement ploughed the crystalline rock outcrops ...
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The Khibiny relief

The Khibiny relief The Khibiny are characterized by plateau-shaped tops with steep show-covered slopes with deep river valleys. These valleys have U-shape being formed due to glacier. Plateau-shaped tops were formed due to elevation of the specific area of the earth crust during ...
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Natural characteristics of the Khibiny

Natural characteristics of the Khibiny Vast valleys with largest local lakes of Imandra and Umbozero are adjoining to the Khibiny massif in the West and East. Local valleys are mainly characterized by straight-line direction and wide bottom - up to 1 kilometer. This is due to its formation under the glacier action ...
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Formation of the Khibiny relief

Formation of the Khibiny relief The first stage is a preglacial period when the main tectonic divisions were formed. The second stage is a glacial period with the Khibiny and Lovozero rock massif and Zaimandrovskaya tundra in its center. The last glaciation happened about 100 thousand years ago that was ...
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Natural resources of the Khibiny

The mineral apatite The Khibiny region is called a real fairy-tale treasure island, mineralogical museum under the open air because its subsoil has a lot of minerals. For a long time different minerals have been mined: apatite, nepheline, mica, iron ore, copper, nickel and other metals ...
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Types of mineral reserves of the Khibiny

Kirov mine All minerals used for different needs can be divided into three groups: fuel-and-energy resources, metallic and non-metallic minerals. Each group has several types which in turn can represent different geological-industrial types of minerals. Our region is known ...
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Minerals of the Khibiny

Kirov mine Original geology of the largest rock massif has produced interesting structure of the Khibiny minerals. First of all, apatite-nepheline ores should be described. At present the following deposits are discovered - Kukisvumchorr, Yukspor, Rasvumchorr, Koashva ...
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Prospect of mineral mining in the Khibiny

Mineral Eudialyte - Loparskaya blood Unfortunately, many minor commercial minerals and elements mined in the Khibiny still didn't find fields of application. These losses are compensated due to development of other deposits that can be preserved for future. Besides economical losses due ...
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Mineral formation in Khibiny

Kirov mine Deposit formation is a complicated phenomenon. In order to understand it, it is necessary to find answers to many questions as: what is deposit, mineral, where to find the source of the ore matter, what are geological processes that result in deposit ...
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Apatite ore formation

Rasvumchorrsky mine Magnetite-apatite ores of Kovdor deposit have been formed completely other way. It deposited among igneous or, in other words, magmatic rocks. The geologists established that magma outbreak took place from the deep earth to the surface in several site of the Kola North ...
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Apatite deposit formation

Central mine It is hard to give answer to the second question about apatite deposit formation in the Khibiny and reasons why there is no apatite in other regions. There are several assumptions; the reasonable one is magmatic origin of apatite ore deposits. Based on this hypothesis ...
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