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Nature of Khibiny

Fauna of the Khibiny tundra

Reindeer Fauna of the Khibiny tundra has been formed mainly during post glacial period. Animals have come here from the southern and eastern areas following the retreated glaciers. Typical arctic species are not so many but here can be mentioned Arctic fox and Norwegian lemming ...
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Birds of the Khibiny tundra

Snowy owl The bird class has attracted the attention of researchers long since that’s why today there is a lot of information. According to F.D. Pleske, who visited the Kola Peninsula in 1880, the bird list included 268 species with 178 nesting birds. The significant increase ...
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Mammals of the Khibiny tundra

Polar fox Mammals of the Khibiny are represented by marine and terrestrial animals. It numbers little more than 10 species of marine mammals. They are divided into 2 classes: cetacea and pinnipedia. Most of them are extremely rare and some species are on the verge of extinction ...
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Vegetation of the Khibiny tundra

Vegetation of the Khibiny tundra First vegetation on the territory of the North of the Kola Peninsula appeared about 10 thousand years ago with the retreat of the Ice Age. The evolution of flora led to the formation of different natural and geographical zones. The Khibiny mountains area divided ...
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Forests of the Khibiny tundra

Dwarf birch Coniferous and mixed forests cover gorges and river valleys, they grow at the foot of the Khibiny mountains. Their reign comes to the end at an altitude of 500 meters above the sea level, giving way to forest-tundra birch brushwood. Forest area takes at least a third ...
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Alpine mountainous tundra of the Khibiny

Alpine mountainous tundra of the Khibiny Alpine tundra occupy a large mountain territory, covering more than a half of the Khibiny massif. Tundra zone starts at a height of 500 meters above the sea level. Mainly tundra dominates at the top of the mountain plateaus and slopes, it fills up the bottom of comb ...
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Khibiny tundra’s soils

The soil is called surface layers of mellow rocks changed under the influence of vegetable and animal organisms. The most important soil’s property, distinguishing it from the rocks, is fertility - the ability to create the necessary conditions for plant life, provide them ...
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Khibiny tundras podzol soils

Khibiny tundras podzol soils Among the soils of the Kola region the most widespread are podzols, formed on sandy moraine rocks. They are met in the territories of coniferous forests, in the area of birch woodlands of the forest-tundra and tundra. Ferriferous and humus illuvial have a difference from ...
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Peat soils of the Khibiny

Peat soils of the Khibiny Peat bog soils are widespread throughout the whole territory of the Murmansk region, especially in its south-east, the most lowland parts. Unlikethe peaty-podzolic soils they have more thick peat layer (at least 50 cm). Bogs origin, where peat soils are formed, may be ...
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The Khibiny swamps

The Khibiny marshes Swamp waters are so - called bogs, hollows, streams and lakes, found throughout the marshes. The latter part occupy more than twenty percent of the area and mainly they are located in the south-eastern part of the Kola Peninsula. Swamp water can be distinguished ...
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